Crowns can be made of porcelain, gold and other metals,
acrylic resin, or an amalgam (a mixture) of these
materials and will last for many years, depending
on the health of the tooth underneath.
A temporary crown made of plastic or metal is put over the tooth
until the permanent crown is prepared.
Below are some example pictures of porcelain crowns. These are genuine pictures of our patients and their smile makeovers. All these procedures were done in our clinics in Poland.
Fully porcelain crowns and bridges
Top and bottom crowns and bridges
Full porcelain crowns and bridges (top jaw)
Full smile makeover (crowns and bridges)
Why would I need a crown?
There are a number of reasons as to why you might need a crown fitted. For instance:
- If you have had a large filling, your tooth may have been weakened.
- You might wish to improve the appearance of discoloured fillings
- Your root filling may require a crown for protection
- You might have damaged a tooth in an accident
- It might help to hold dentures or bridges in place
What are crowns made of?
A variety of different materials are used to make crowns, with new materials constantly appearing on the market. Some of the most popular options included porcelain bonded to precious metal (the most common option), in which a precious metal base is covered in layers of porcelain.
Porcelain crowns themselves are not as strong as bonded crowns but have a very natural look, meaning that they tend to be used most often on front teeth.
Porcelain and composite crowns utilize composite resins in order to look natural, but are considerably weaker than bonded metal crowns.
Glass crowns are an option for those who want a very natural look whilst also maintaining the strength of the crown, and can be used both on front and back teeth.
Gold/palladium precious metal crowns are perhaps the most resistant and hard-wearing option for crowns, but tend not to be used at the front of the mouth as they are very visible and don’t look as natural as other options.
How is a tooth prepared for a crown?
Before crowns are fitted, the tooth must be fully prepared. The outer surface of the tooth is removed, leaving the inner core of the tooth. The amount of enamel which is removed will be equal to the thickness of the crown, ensuring that the tooth remains at its natural size after the procedure. Impressions of the tooth and jaws are taken and given to the technician in order for the crown to be produced.
Who makes the crown?
A specialist dental technician will make your crown based on the impressions taken and the information given by the dentist. They will also make a mould of your mouth to ensure that the crowns fit as they should.
Will the crown be noticeable?
Absolutely not! Crowns are designed to match your teeth precisely in order to ensure they are not noticeable. The shade of your crown will be matched to its neighbouring teeth in order to ensure colour cohesion. Your initial temporary crown might be slightly noticeable, but this is only in place for a week or two.
How long will a crown last?
This all depends on how well you look after your new crown. The crown itself will maintain its condition and won’t decay like a tooth, but decay can attack the edge of the crown where it joins onto your natural tooth. You need to keep this area particularly clean and ensure that you care properly for your crowns. If properly looked after, your crowns will last for many years.
Are alternatives available?
There are alternatives available, including veneers. Your dentist is best-placed to advise as to which alternatives are available and may be suitable for your particular requirements.